Family of John and Rebecca England

1. John ENGLAND ( – 10 Feb 1905) & Rebecca JACKSON (About 1833 – 23 Oct 1906)

1. William ENGLAND (16 Oct 1852 – 11 Mar 1854)

2. Henry Lewis ENGLAND (26 Dec 1854 – 29 Aug 1932) & Julia Charlotte CHANDLER (1 Oct 1860 – 3 Mar 1905)

1. Ruby May ENGLAND (5 Jul 1886 – 29 Oct 1967) & Arthur John Sydney STIRLING (1885 – )

2. Henry Lewis ENGLAND (12 Dec 1888 – 12 Mar 1963) & Hannah DAVEY (10 Nov 1899 – 7 Mar 1967)

3. Gladys Emily ENGLAND (4 Aug 1891 – Sep 1977) & Harold AMINDE

4. Lucy Grace ENGLAND (22 Oct 1894 – 7 Oct 1914)

3. Elizabeth ENGLAND (22 Feb 1857 – ) & Joseph BRADLEY (1856 – )

1. Alice Rebecca BRADLEY (1879 – )

2. Madeline BRADLEY (1880 – )

3. Lily BRADLEY (1882 – )

4. Elizabeth Mary BRADLEY (1884 – )

5. BRADLEY (1885 – 1886)

6. George BRADLEY (27 Oct 1890 – )

7. John BRADLEY (1892 – )

8. Joseph BRADLEY (1896 – )

4. Male ENGLAND (4 Nov 1859 – ) Probably Edward

5. Mary Ann ENGLAND (30 Nov 1861 – )

6. William James ENGLAND (2 Mar 1864 – ) & Sarah SINFIELD (1861 – )

7. Female ENGLAND (28 Jul 1866 – )

8. George Thomas ENGLAND (3 Dec 1868 – )

Pre trial information on John England

On March 19, 1846 a warrant was set out by John Fullerton Esquire (JP) to John Bland (Constable of Rotherham) or to John Timms (deputy) and to the Governor of the Castle of York to convey John England, Samuel Myers, Joseph Barras and Richard Hague to the Castle of York and to deliver them to the Governor with the warrant.

John England , a labourer, on 15 March 1846 did with force and arms upon Maria Kaufman violently and feloniously make an assault and violently and feloniously did ravish and carnally know her. The other four with force and arms were present aiding, abetting and assisting John England.

Witnesses were John Bland, Maria Kaufman, Philippina(Caroline) Kaufman, Emma Harrison and William Hudson.

He was tried on 9 July 1846 at the York Assizes and was transported for life. It was his first conviction and it was rape in companion with Joseph Barras, William Thompson, William Aizlewood and Samuel Myers. John and Samuel arrived on board the same boat. There were 2 girls Caroline and Maria Kaufman.

Whilst awaiting trial, friends of John England did the following.

On June 9, 1846 George Aizlewood, Joseph Hague, Michael and Hannah Bradshaw, being evil disposed persons, unlawfully and wickedly with force and arms did conspire, combine, confederate and agree together to persuade Maria and Philippina Kaufman from attending to give evidence as witnesses.

They did this by paying and defraying the fare and expenses of the journey by railroad from Rotherham to London. Hannah paid 20 shillings for steam boat for parts beyond the seas. On 20 June 1846 she purchased and paid for diverse wearing apparel for Maria and Philippina.

They tried to induce Maria and Philippina severally to suppress the evidence they knew and to withdraw and conceal themselves.

John England

John is an ancestor I feel was sent out to Van Diemens Land for a deserving reason. He didn’t just try to help feed or clothe his family in these trying times in England, but he and his friends decided to carnally assault a young woman – known as rape both then and now. He and two of his friends Joseph BARRAS and Samuel MYERS were given life for their crime even though it was John’s first conviction. They were tried at the York Assizes on 9 July 1846 and embarked on the ship Pestonjee Bomanjee (2) on 25 October 1846.

Whilst I was at the Public Record Office (PRO) in London during a vacation, I looked up the trial records of John and found some of his other friends had tried to help him before his trial date. A summary of what I found is here.

John was an iron moulder, 5 feet 6 and three-quarters, aged 19 with a fair complexion, oval head and visage, sandy hair but no whiskers, medium height forehead, brown eyebrows but hazel eyes and a large nose, mouth and chin. He had many marks on himself: boys/men blowing horn, birds and bush, ship and 2 fishes, bust of woman, sailor with flag etc.

When he arrived in VDL on 17 February 1847, he was sent to Darlington which is on Maria Island. He was based here for two years, then six months with the Public Works Department and finally 12 months at the prisoner barracks. Whilst at Darlington he was insolent and given 10 days solitary confinement, was admonished for being idle and when he was caught fighting on the works he was given 14 days solitary. Remittance could be gained by doing extra work, so John was employed by John Swaine in Collins Street, Hobart, then Crosby and Robinson in Campbell Street and again with John Swaine. On 3 June 1851, he was admonished for being out after hours. He was given his ticket of leave on 8 August 1854, his marriage to Rebecca Jackson was approved on 20 September 1854 and on 16 August in 1855 he resisted a constable and was fined one pound. He was recommended for his conditional pardon on 11 September 1855 and given it on 22 July 1856.

Rebecca Jackson

Rebecca is one of my ‘hard to find out anything about’ convicts. All I know is that her native place was county Donegal in Ireland. She was Presbyterian and could read a little. She was convicted of stealing wearing apparel. It was her first conviction and Sarah STEELE (?) was also on board for the same offence. She was an exemplary convict according to the surgeon’s report.

Her description says she was 5 feet 1 inch tall, age 17, with a fair complexion, large head and mouth, small nose and chin, brown hair and eyebrows, blue eyes, an oval visage and high forehead.

She was tried at Donegal on 1 January 1847 and departed Dublin on the ship Waverley 3 on 19 July 1847. On arrival in Van Diemens Land on 25 October 1847, she was assigned to the ship Anson which was moored in the Derwent River. After 6 months she was given 3rd class status, her ticket of leave on 2 July 1850 and her certificate of freedom 3 January 1854. Marriage to John ENGLAND was approved on 20 September 1854 and they did the deed on 16 October 1854 at St Georges Church, Battery Point, Hobart.

STOP PRESS      UPDATE           STOP PRESS       UPDATE

Since my recent trip to Ireland I have more news about Rebecca. She is no longer labelled ‘hard to find out anything about’.