Keith Henry “Harry” Avery

Keith Henry Avery known as Harry was the 2nd of three children born to Robert  and Ellen Sarah Avery nee Goldsmith.

  • Oscar Clyde Avery born 20 Nov 1903
  • Keith Henry Avery born 21 June 1906
  • Gwendoline Edith Avery born Scottsdale, 30 December 1909

Harry was born in St Helen’s, a fishing town on the east coast of Tasmania. On his birth certificate, it says his father was a miner.

From April 1904, his parents ran a boarding house with Ellen doing most of the inside work and Robert doing the labour work outside. But in 1915, Robert passed away leaving Ellen to bring up three young children. During the war years, Ellen was very involved in local functions, especially the Red Cross and the soldiers that returned.

Both Oscar (1919) and Harry (1921) had qualified for admission into state high school – each year only 12 students from St Helens qualified.

It was now that Ellen moved them to Hobart. There was a grand farewell from the residents of St Helen’s on 4 February 1921.

The first official mention of Ellen and her family living at 160 Goulburn Street, West Hobart, was 1923 in the Post Office Directory.

Present day 160 Goulburn Street where Harry lived after moving from St Helens.

In 1921, Harry was apprenticed with Harris and Marsh and trained as a tin smith. It was a six-year apprenticeship.

On 17 February 1921, Harry registered as a cadet in the Royal Australian Naval Reserves. He was living at 160 Goulburn Street according to his papers. His mother Ellen was at 298 Bathurst Street and was doing domestic duties. Harry was only 5 feet 3 and a half inches tall and was a plumber’s apprentice.

His original rating was cadet signal, presumably this included semaphore and wireless telegraphy. He was part of the 40th Battalion in Hobart.

In the first year he served just over 5 days with military training. In 1922, he served 17 days again military training. On 1 July 1922 he was transferred from 40th Battalion to Naval.

Harry was thrown from a motor cycle and put in hospital from injuries in November 1923 and this absence is noted in his naval records.

In 1923 and 1924, Harry served many full day, half day and quarter days in naval training. His record says satisfactory ability, efficient and very good character.

On 29 May 1924, he was medically examined and found fit for the Citizen Naval Forces.

From 25 February 1925 until 13 March, he served on HMAS Tasmania. In 1926, he spent 16 days at the Naval Drill Hall in Hobart. He also spent 17 days in July on HMAS Marguerite. In October 1927, he spent 17 days on HMAS Swan which was based in Launceston. In April 1929, he spent 5 days training at the Naval Drill Hall and his final training mentioned on records was in October/November 1929 at the Drill Hall.

In September 1924, he was promoted to signalman, then in August 1926, promotion to leading signalman and finally in November 1927 to yeoman of signals.

Harry at Williamstown dry dock HMAS Swan

When Harry finished his apprenticeship, he received a great reference from Harris and Marsh company.

Harris Marsh reference 1927

By the 1928 electoral roll, Harry, a sheet metalworker, and Oscar, a clerk were still living with their mother in Goulburn Street. In 1929 electoral roll, a William Wyatt was also living at 160 Goulburn Street. He was a labourer and part of the Royal Australian Naval reserves.

During this time, William Wyatt married Irene Smith and had a child together, Robert Wyatt known as Bob. But in early 1930’s, William left the marriage and went to New South Wales.

Harry became Bob Wyatt’s foster father even though he considered Ellen, Harry’s mother, as his foster mother from the early 1930’s. Harry once told Bob, that he was his mother’s saviour as she had lost a son, Oscar, in 1930 and her only daughter, Gwen, in 1929 with diphtheria and she was very depressed until she had to look after him.

Oscar and Gwen Avery possibly

By this time, Harry was working at Cadbury’s Chocolate Factory in Claremont, Tasmania. Harry had met an old man on a tram who suggested Cadbury’s would be a better and cleaner place to work instead of the Zinc Works.

In 1936, the electoral roll only had Ellen and Harry living at 160 Goulburn Street.

Harry married Violet Grahame Masterton in 1937 and lived at 192 Main Road, Moonah almost opposite the fire station. A picture of the bride and her attendants was in the local paper.

In March 1938, Harry was involved in a car accident in Hobart. Harry and his wife, plus another passenger, appeared as witnesses at the inquest of the death of Robert Elliston in North Hobart. The coroner declared it an accidental death as Elliston stepped off the kerb with his head down.

In July 1938, Harry was a groomsman at his sister-in-law’s marriage to Rupert Bryant Carr.

At the Christmas social event for Cadbury’s Chocolate Company in 1939, Harry was one of many employees who presented a musical item. His friend John Kean, who had been the passenger in the accident in 1938, also presented at the social.

Jack Keen, Mervyn (Dumby) Morey, Roy Lipscombe, Harry Avery

Harry was not expected to take part in the war as he was working in a protected industry. Cadbury’s chocolates were sent to all soldiers often during the war and can be seen on many of the advertisements of that time period. During this time period Harry would make camouflage nets for the war effort.

Harry making nets later in life (not during war)

On Monday 12 February 1940, Cadbury’s company held a picnic at South Arm for its employees. Harry was noted as coming second in the obstacle race. There were a few other unusual events if you read the newspaper article.

It also looks like Harry was treasurer of the Engineering department at Cadbury’s as he was mentioned in an article organizing a Christmas social event.

Cadburys football team, Harry Avery sixth from left in front row

In July 1941, another of his sisters-in-law married and Harry was an usher this time. Again, at a wedding in January 1942, Harry was an usher. The surnames of the bride and groom have also been mentioned in other newspaper articles about Cadbury’s.

Harry enjoyed the outdoors and would often go camping using ridge pole tents for shelter. He would usually take Bob and other friends from Cadbury’s on these adventures.

Harry, Bob and Mr Williams playing accordion, camping at Primrose Sands.

Harry built his wooden dinghy in the back yard at Moonah and Bob recalls helping him to rivet the planks. Mrs Avery used to take Bob to visit her son and his wife who he called Topsy. Harry would run them home in his car. His garage was only a shed with a curtain to protect the car from the weather. Harry had room inside that he used as a workshop and it was here that he made stencils for Jones & Co. Some time later Harry deserted Topsy and returned to live with his mother in Goulburn Street. Violet was granted a decree nisi for an undefended divorce case in April 1953.

Harry had re-joined his mother at Goulburn Street by the time of the 1949 electoral roll where he was still identified as a sheet metal worker.

Harrys favourite crayfish catch photo

In 1952, Harry’s mother passed and was buried with her brother in Cornelian Bay Cemetery. Harry and Bob put a bereavement notice in the local paper thanking friends and relatives.

Harry won fifth prize in the Sandy Bay Football Club raffle in September 1953.

The house at Goulburn Street was too big for just the two of them so it was at this time that Harry purchased a house at 6 Brent Street, Glenorchy and both Bob and Harry lived there.

Bob remembers that Harry let him drive his utility when they went to look at the house there and as they left Bob (aged 19 at the time) backed into a Hydro pole. Fortunately it was only a slight bump with very little damage.

Bob married in 1954 and his family grew up at Brent Street. Harry lived there with the family as well.

Harry with Bob’s daughter Suzanne

In July 1961, Harry married Joyce Unice Harwood. This was a second marriage for them both as Joyce had been married to Darrell James King from Geeveston area of Tasmania but he died in 1948. It was at the time of this marriage that Harry sold the Brent Street property to Bob who borrowed the money to pay the original purchase price paid by Harry back in 1952.

Harry, Joyce and her sister then lived in two units at Conneware Crescent in Berriedale.

Harry and his second wife Joy

Harry and Joyce lived their final years  at Wakehurst Road in Austins Ferry.

Under the house at Austins Ferry, Harry had a fantastic shell lighthouse which Bob’s children always asked for him to turn on so they could see the flashing light. He also had a great collection of shells. Harry loved his garden and had bountiful raspberry canes against the fence at this house.

Harry and Joyce were invited to many events relating to the Wyatt family.

Joyce passed away in 1980 and is buried at Cornelian Bay.  Harry passed away on 20 December 1996, aged 90. He is also buried in Cornelian Bay Cemetery and Crematorium.

Foundations of my life

The theme for the month of January is FOUNDATIONS.

To me the foundations in family history are the building blocks of your life. That means family and home.

6 Brent Street in 2021

Our first family home was at 6 Brent Street in Glenorchy, a northern suburb of Hobart at that time but since then it has become a city in its own right.

The home originally belonged to our Uncle Harry (Harry Avery who was dad’s foster father). Harry bought it after his mother passed in 1952 and he and dad lived there.

Dad’s memories of this time:

I remember that Harry let me drive his utility when we went to look at the house there and as we left I backed into a Hydro pole. Fortunately it was only a slight bump with very little damage.

After dad married my mum, it then became our family home.

It was here that my brother, Philip, and I spent our childhood years along with our parents, Bob and Phyl.

Memories of happenings while living at Brent Street:

  • We lived within walking distance of our local shop and not far from the school we both attended
  • There was plenty of room to play in and grass in the backyard to pitch a tent on to sleep overnight if we wanted
  • Room for pets but we only ever had a canary. Sadly he passed away when we were on a holiday around Tasmania
  • Playing board games and doing jigsaw puzzles in the lounge room
  • Long bike rides with our school friends – home to the Botanical Gardens then contact parents when we got there safely and ring again when we were about to leave to come home
  • Birthday parties with lots of school friends
  • Outdoor toilet – just over the passageway from the back door
  • Being sent to our rooms when we had done something wrong – I’d read my book so not much of a punishment
  • Drawing on the outside of the house then having to clean it off
  • Lots of bottles along the fence line – fundraising for the Glenorchy Girl Guides and Brownies
  • As a Brownie, planting rose bush at opening of Glenorchy Council chambers
  • Learning to cook evening meals if mum wasn’t home
  • Family holidays to Devonport, St Helens  and Douglas River – canoeing in canoe dad built
  • Bush walking and camping  around Tasmania as a family
  • Three months travelling around Australia as a family with mum’s sister Margaret and her family
  • Lots of family visiting for birthdays and Christmas – Mum’s family were all very close
  • Visiting Bathurst Street Telephone exchange where dad worked
  • Travelling on the Tasman Limited train with uncle Fred, delivering the mail
  • Sunday school each week and choir
  • Philip at the YMCA

The foundations of my life learnt as a child included being independent, being part of a family as well as groups like Guides and YMCA, having hobbies, consequences of actions, enjoying life as a family and also with friends.


Pa England and his grandchildren Philip, Bronwyn, Sue and Leigh


Sue and Philip washing off the paint on the side of the house, rascals


Sue and Philip dressed up at Brent St, probably going to church


Charmaine and Sue Brownies


Planting rose at Glenorchy Council


Philip and dad working on their cars

Readers: What would you write about for the topic of foundations?


My dad was born to Irene Ellen Gertrude SMITH and William (Elvis ALLEN) WYATT  in November 1932 but just after dad turned two, his father left them and moved to New South Wales. According to the Denison Electoral Roll (in Hobart) for 1929, William was living at 160 Goulburn St and was a labourer. Also living at this address were Ellen Sarah Avery, Keith Henry Avery and Oscar Clyde Goldsmith Avery. William and Henry (Harry) were both in the Royal Australian Naval Reserves in the early 1930s.

According to Irene’s petition for divorce in 1945, William was working at Hadley’s Hotel as a steward and they had been living in a flat in Hampden Road. She was deserted by William shortly before Christmas in 1934.

How was Irene to look after a two year old child, yet earn money to keep a roof over his head?

Irene worked as a cleaner and general housemaid at Heathorns Hotel then later the Albion Hotel. This involved living on the premises, so dad was looked after by a foster mother for most of the time, Mrs Avery at 160 Goulburn Street, Hobart.

The rest of this post is her story. It is a mixture of research by both my father and myself.

Ellen Sarah GOLDSMITH was the 9th of 12 children born to John and  Ellen Goldsmith nee Barwick. They were married in Oatlands, Tasmania on 10 October 1860 at the parish church. John was a boot and shoemaker aged 20 while Ellen was a farmer’s daughter aged 21. On the marriage record she is recorded as Helen not Ellen. Witnesses for the marriage were John, Ellen and Mary Ann Barwick.

Ellen Sarah Goldsmith was born on 2 July 1877 at Oatlands.

Ellen’s siblings:

  • Jane Goldsmith  Born 28 Oct 1860 
  • Emily Goldsmith Born 5 Aug 1862 
  • Thomas Goldsmith Born 22 Aug 1864
  • Louisa Goldsmith (twin) Born 13 Feb 1867
  • Herbert Goldsmith (twin) Born 13 Feb 1867 
  • Annie Susan Goldsmith Born 30 July 1869 
  • Frederick John Goldsmith Born 2 Aug 1871 
  • Edmund Charles Goldsmith Born 28 Feb 1874 died 22 Dec 1955
  • Pricilla Isabel Goldsmith Born 4 Jan 1880 
  • Clarence Marven Goldsmith Born 12 July 1882  
  • Clyde Hamlet Goldsmith Born 22 July 1886 died 4 Nov 1973 buried at St Helens

The above dates were entries from Ellen’s bible but when checking the Tasmanian names index, I found the following extra information.

  • John Goldsmith born 28 October 1860 – informant was Ellen Barwick, a cousin, living in Oatlands. Is this supposed to be Jane?
  • Annie Susan Goldsmith born 29 July 1869 – informant was Eliza Jane Barwick, an aunt, living in Oatlands.
  • Frederick John Goldsmith born 2 Aug 1871 – informant was Ann Fleming, a friend, living in Oatlands.
  • Ellen Sarah Goldsmith born 2 July 1877 – informant was Emily Goldsmith, her sister
  • Priscilla Isabella Goldsmith born 4 Jan 1880 – informant was L. Goldsmith, her sister
  • Clarence Malveen Goldsmith born 12 July 1882 – informant was Louisa Goldsmith, sister
  • Clyde Hamlet Goldsmith born 22 July 1886 – informant was Frederick Goldsmith, brother

In 1880 Ellen’s younger sister Priscilla died from bronchitis at about 8 months old. The very next year, when Ellen was just 4 years old, her brother Herbert was killed by a falling tree and an inquest was held into the death in October while her sister Jane, died in February that same year from gangrene of the lungs which is a rare complication from a lung infection.

Notice about Herbert’s death 1881

Many of Ellen’s older siblings married over the next decade:

  • 22 April 1885, Emily married Richard Norton, a blacksmith, at St Peters church in Oatlands. Witnesses were Louisa Norton and Thomas Goldsmith.
  • 22 January 1889, Thomas, a shoemaker like his father, married Rhoda Higgins, who was a dressmaker, at the residence in Oatlands of Rhoda’s parents who were the witnesses to the marriage.
  • 8 May 1891, Edmond Charles, a labourer, married Fanny Avery by the rites of the Wesleyan Church in St Helens in Cecil Street. Fanny was five years older than Edmond.
  • 8 June 1892, Annie married John Avery, a butcher, at St Peters Church in Oatlands. Witnesses were Frederick and Louisa Goldsmith.

On 7 October 1892, Ellen’s sister Emily died from labour according to her husband Richard Norton, a blacksmith, in Gould Country, near St Helens, but I can’t find any births or deaths around this time relating to Emily.

16 August 1894, Frederick who was a chemist’s assistant died from Phthisis (TB or consumption) in Oatlands.

25 January 1895, Louisa married Richard Norton, a widowed miner at his house in Gould Country, near St Helens.

Ellen had a bout of typhoid in 1896 and this was mentioned in the newspaper as she was a sorely missed yet very energetic member of the  Band of Hope which met monthly in Oatlands.

Ellen had bout of typhoid in 1896.

According to Ellen’s bible, she left Oatlands on 24 March 1899 to St Helens 28 March 1899. This was probably to be close to her sisters who were now living with their husbands near St Helens.

It seems the Goldsmith and Avery families were very intertwined through marriage because on 18 December 1902, Ellen married Robert Avery.

They had the following children:

  • Oscar Clyde Avery Born 20 Nov 1903 
  • Keith Henry Avery Born 21 June 1906
  • Gwendoline Edith Avery Born 30 December 1909 
Advertising for Sussex House

From April 1904, Robert and Ellen ran a boarding establishment called Sussex House in St Helens. They advertised often in the Daily Telegraph in Launceston. This must have been a tough life for Ellen, looking after three young children as well as catering for those boarders.  In 1896-1898, this house was actually a Ladies School with room for boarders. Miss M Oldham offered tuition there as the principal.

On 29 August 1913, Ellen was part of the decorating committee for the Druids Ball at St Helens. She had also provided the supper for the ball in 1912.

Ellen helped organize a patriotic event at St Helens on Monday evening 12 October 1914.

In the 1914 and 1915 electoral rolls, Ellen is shown with domestic duties and Robert as a labourer.

Unfortunately Robert died after just 13 years of marriage on 6 Sept 1915, leaving Ellen to bring up three young children. 

Death of Robert Avery in 1915

In November 1915, Ellen was mentioned as being an agent for the newspaper Daily Post from Hobart.

Ellen’s father John died at 14 Brisbane Street in Hobart and was buried in Cornelian Bay cemetery on 2 June 1916.

Ellen and the children put the following in the newspaper, two years after the death of Robert.

Two years have passed since that sad day,
When one we loved was called away;
His memory is as dear to-day
As at the hour he passed away.
It is not the tears at the moment shed
That tell how beloved is the soul that has fled,
But the tears through many a long night wept,
And the sad remembrance so fondly kept.

Her sister Annie died 23 May 1919. In the 1919 electoral roll, there are two people with Avery surname – Ellen Sarah and Augusta who was an accountant.

In 1919, Oscar was one of 968 students who qualified for admission into state high schools around Tasmania. There was a total of 12 students from St Helens who qualified. In 1921, Keith (Harry) also qualified as one of 12 from St Helens out of 851 state wide.

In 1921, Ellen moved her family to Hobart after a grand farewell from residents of St Helens.

Farewell to St Helens in 1921


From 1912-1917 the owner of 160 Goulburn Street was James W H White. From 1918-1921 Hubert Applebee was at 160 Goulburn Street, then 1922 was Edwin Doran. The first mention of Ellen was 1923 in the Post Office Directory.

In 1921 Harry was apprenticed with Harris and Marsh and trained as a tin smith. It was a six-year apprenticeship. 

Bob’s memories:

I recall Harry telling me that coming home on the tram he spoke to an old chap about getting a job at either the EZ works or Cadburys. He was told that EZ was a filthy place to work and he would be better off at Cadburys. He got a job there and worked there all his working life.

In the 1922 Denison, Hobart West electoral roll, Ellen and Clarence Henry Avery were living at 160 Goulburn Street. Also living there were Helen G Goldsmith and Clarence Marven Goldsmith, who has no job.

Is this Gwen and her mother mentioned in the newspaper article about a YMCA fair in 1923?

Is this Clarence Avery mentioned in this article where Mrs Avery has made a 3 tier wedding cake?

Was this Ellen Avery raising the second highest amount of money for the YMCA appeal in 1923?

Secretary YMCA Mothers Club

As she had been in St Helens, Ellen was involved with many events especially as secretary of the YMCA Mothers Club in Hobart.

In 1925, when American ships arrived in Hobart, Ellen was there helping with refreshments as part of the YMCA.

The mother’s club entertained the boys at the YMCA and both Ellen and Gwen were there as part of the programme.

Oscar must have been a keen photographer as he won the intermediate section of a landscape competition in 1925. He also won more prizes in 1927. In 1928 the newspapers are now mentioning the names of photographs and one of Oscar’s was Ross Bridge.

By the 1928 electoral roll, Ellen was living with her sons Harry, a sheet metalworker, and Oscar, a clerk still in Goulburn Street. Helen and Clarence Goldsmith are also living in the home. Clarence still has no occupation.

At the “Olde England Fair” held at the City hall in 1928, Ellen was in charge of the Micawber and Co produce stall.

In 1929 Ellen’s only daughter Gwendoline had died in the consumptive sanitorium in New Town. This building had been opened in 1906 and much fund raising was done through Wattle Day each year as well as balls held specifically to raise money.

As part of the Wattle League Appeal, Oscar won a scarf with ticket number 1542a. I wonder if he gave it to Ellen?

Ellen spent some time in hospital from poisoning in 1930.

Poisoned in 1930

Was the poisoning because of life at home in Goulburn Street? Her daughter had died in 1929 and her son Oscar, a bank clerk, must have also been in poor health as he passed away in November 1930.

Ellen’s mother died at 160 Goulburn Street, Hobart, aged 92 and was buried with her husband at Cornelian Bay on 10 Nov 1931.

Clarence Marven aged 50, died at 160 Goulburn Street and was buried at Cornelian Bay on 24 December 1933.

It was about this time that my father Robert Wyatt (Bob) was fostered by Mrs Avery.

I affectionately called Mrs. Avery, ‘Mum’, and my mother, ‘Mummy’. Mrs. Avery became my guardian and I have always regarded Harry as my foster father. Harry once told me that I was his mother’s saviour as she had lost a son, Oscar, in 1930 and her only daughter, Gwen, in 1929 with diphtheria and was very depressed until she had me to look after.

Bob on the verandah at 160 Goulburn Street

In 1936, the electoral roll only had Ellen and Harry living at 160 Goulburn Street.

In April 1938, Ellen spent some time with her brother Clyde and his wife in St Helens. Dad remembers many holidays spent in St Helens.

The 1938 and 1939 Post Office directory also has Ern J Martin living at 160 Goulburn Street.

Mrs Clennett??, Mrs Avery and Bob

Ellen’s remaining son, Harry married Violet Grahame Masterton in 1937 and lived at 192 Main Road Moonah almost opposite the fire station.

Some more of Bob’s memories:

Harry built his wooden dinghy in the back yard and I recall helping him to rivet the planks. Mum(Mrs Avery) used to take me out to visit Harry and his wife that he called Topsy, he would run us home in his car. His garage was only a shed with a curtain to protect the car from the weather. Harry had room inside that he used as a workshop and it was here that he made stencils for Jones & Co. Some time later Harry deserted Topsy and returned to live with his mother in Goulburn Street. They were officially divorced about 1948.

In January 1939, Ellen’s brother Thomas and his wife celebrated their Golden Wedding anniversary and were living at Knoll Street, Glenorchy at the time.

Mum had a dog that she called Monty (after General Montgomery.) and I used to take him for walks up to Knocklofty and sometimes I went a lot further. When we got back home I would have to carry Monty inside he was so tired. Mum used to ask where had I taken him and I explained only up the bush.

Ellen with Monty.

During the war, Ellen donated goods to the Comforts fund as part of the patriotic service for the soldiers. She also gave at least 2/6 in the last few months of 1942 towards the Patriotic funds.

By 1943, the electoral roll only has Ellen living at 160 Goulburn Street. Harry had re-joined his mother by the time of the 1949 electoral roll. Also Ellen’s sister, Louisa and her husband Richard are boarding at Goulburn Street. There is a Mrs Jane Murray Clennett at the same address.

In September 1950, Ellen spent a weekend in St Helens with Clyde and Ethel Goldsmith, her brother and sister-in-law. This was mentioned in the local paper.

Ellen passed away on 23 August 1952 and is buried with her brother Clarence.

Death notice of Ellen in 1952.


Headstone of Ellen and her brother Clarence